ERG: Get the facts about rehab
For people with drug & alcohol problems

Drugs A-Z

drugs a-z

Drugs A-Z


Alcoholism shows itself in a variety of ways depending on how much is consumed, what is consumed and how often.

Alcohol addiction can cause:

  • Ulcers
  • Diabetes
  • Birth defects
  • Bone loss
  • Memory loss
  • Vision problems
  • Increased risk of cancer
  • Compromised immune system function


One of the most commonly misused drugs in the UK, Cannabis, also known as marijuana or weed, is typically smoked.

It impacts your central nervous system, and if misused causes long-term damage.

Signs of cannabis addiction include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Exhaustion
  • Lack of balance or coordination
  • Problems concentrating
  • Delayed responses
  • Paranoia


Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug, which is highly addictive due to the intensity of the high it brings on.

It often takes the form of white powder, which is snorted, and is highly addictive.

Cocaine addiction includes:

  • Psychosis
  • Restlessness
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Perspiration
  • Loss of appetite
  • Liver and kidney damage
  • Heart attack


Ecstasy is a drug that alters perception and mood, which is usually smoked, snorted is rubbed onto the gums.

  • Paranoia
  • Teeth clenching
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Anxiety
  • Depression


Heroin is one of the most dangerous and most highly addictive drugs.

It is most commonly injected, but can also be smoked, inhaled or taken orally.

Dangers of heroin addiction include:

  • Flu-like symptomsheroin
  • Bruised or scabbed skin
  • Kidney and liver damage
  • Hepatitis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pneumonia

The best way to recover from drug addiction is to undergo a detox.


Commonly known as ‘Ket’, this is a powerful hallucinogenic drug that is originally meant for use in veterinary hospitals.

It can either be injected, snorted or swallowed as a tablet.

Long-term use of Ketamine can lead to:

  • Memory loss
  • Hallucinations (visual or auditory)
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Long-term bladder problems
  • Severe stomach cramps
  • Heart attack


LSD is widely known for its hallucinogenic side effects, but it is less addictive than other drugs.

However, it can still cause dangerous long-term effects:

  • Hyperthermia
  • Heart failure
  • Continued psychosis
  • Dissociative stress
  • Delusions


Methamphetamine shortened to ‘Meth’ is a stimulant drug which is highly addictive.

Effects of methamphetamine addiction:

  • Psychosis
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Deterioration in thinking or motor skills
  • Memory loss
  • Aggressive behaviour

Prescription Drug addiction

Prescription drugs are an umbrella term for a variety of drugs that are prescribed by your GP.

Prescription drug addiction is when you are taking a prescribed medication for a reason other than why your doctor prescribed it.

prescription drug addiction

Read more about overdose.

Types of addictive prescription drugs include:

  • Opioids
  • Depressants
  • Stimulants

Get the help you need

Whatever you are struggling with, we are here to help. If you are worried about your own safety, or the health of someone you know, then it is important to contact someone who can help.

Our medical team are on-call 24/7. Call us today on 0808 1150 446.

Last Updated on January 25, 2021 by Alison